More than bullets and tanks, the battle over Ukraine has economic and political dimensions that played a big role in the dramatic global market selloff on Thursday.
The ramping up of sanctions on Russia keeps open that possibility of Putin using energy and grains as weapons amid still-depleted inventories of many raw materials.
The immediate effects of the battle and surge in commodities price could take a heavy toll on European economies. Europe relies greatly on Russian oil, natural gas, and grains. But Russia is likely to feel economic pain too, as reflected in its plunging stock market. U.S. equities rebounded Thursday as some investors see it as a haven with its relatively closed economy and few direct ties to Russia.
Market Reaction to Ukraine Invasion So Far This Week
S&P 500 Index
Stoxx 600 Index
Netherlands Natural Gas
Nasdaq Composite Index
FTSE 100 Index
Brent Crude Oil
Russell 2000 Index
MOEX Russia Index
West Texas Intermediate Crude Oil
iShares U.S. Core Aggregate Bond ETF
Ruble vs Dollar
Source: Bloomberg, percent changes as of 4 p.m. N.Y time on Feb. 24, 2022
Our review of Putin’s speeches leading up to the invasion point towards a goal of reshaping the world order so that it’s more conducive to Russia’s economic development. It indicates to us that the potential political instability and economic risks may remain long after the Ukraine military battles end.
Fear of Stagflation; Implications for the Fed
Inflation appears poised to get worse. Many Americans may soon pay over $4 a gallon for gasoline. And the jump for corn and wheat futures suggests food costs won’t be dropping. That increases the possibility of ‘’stagflation’’ – as prices for energy and food rise, spending on those items could choke off spending on other things, jeopardizing economic growth. This is a topic we’re going to deal with over the next 2-3 months.
The Federal Reserve finds itself in a difficult position. Raising interest rates to combat inflation as economic growth slows runs the risk of causing a recession. But it also can’t sit on its hands as prices spiral higher. The Fed may have to take a measured approach to raising rates – meaning small rate hikes at regular intervals that are well communicated to markets – something Fed speakers have nodded to after the invasion.
A predictable road for Fed rate hikes could bring some relief to markets which will have to grapple with guessing what Putin may do next. Some stability from the Fed – after a 5-month period during which market expectations around Fed policy have shifted violently – would be a relief to markets and that might be enough to help asset prices overall.
Stay the Course
For investors, this is the second major market event of 2022. The first was the sell-off in January as the Fed sped up its rate-hike timetable. The Ukraine situation does not change our view that long-term investors should stay the course. Geopolitical crises have historically tended to be short-lived events – they garner striking headlines, but historically have had a limited ability to impact the earnings of the vast majority of U.S. firms.
For investors nearing specific financial goals, market turbulence may be concerning. We believe these investors may want to consider risk mitigation strategies that are designed both to limit drawdown risk and also retain exposure to equity markets. Becoming too conservative could stir feelings of regret if markets quickly turn around. Remember, that it took the S&P 500 four months to recoup the 20% plunge in late 2018, and five months to fully recover the 34% rout in the spring of 2020.
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